Ford Madox Ford was born with the name Ford Hermann Hueffer in Surrey, in 1873. His father was a German-born music critic and his mother the daughter of the Pre-Raphaelite painter, Ford Madox Brown. Ford junior grew up in a wealthy, bohemian and promiscuous milieu of writers and artists and began at an early age to write about it. He produced about 80 novels and works of non-fiction as well as poetry and essays, and founded two influential literary journals that helped launch the careers of writers including Joseph Conrad, Ernest Hemingway and D. H. Lawrence. Ford was aged 40 when he produced The Good Soldier, the shockingly original story that won him his unquestioned place in the pantheon of great twentieth-century novelists. He died, aged 65, in 1939.