Robert Baden-Powell was born in 1857 and served in the British army in India, Afghanistan, West and South Africa. He became a national hero after his command of the siege of Mafeking during the Boer War. He founded the Scout Movement, which now boasts some 28 million members worldwide, in 1907 with twenty-five boys at an experimental scout camp on Brownsea Island. He died in Kenya in 1941.
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