From J. G. Ballard's 1962 classic The Drowned World to Megan Hunter's haunting debut The End We Start From, here's a list of our favourite novels set in worlds dramatically altered by environmental change. 

The Drowned World

The Drowned World

J.D. Ballard

Fluctuations in solar radiation that have melted the ice caps and London in 2145 is a tropical swamp filled with lush tropical vegetation and primeval reptiles. This classic novel confirmed J. G. Ballard as one of Britain's great science fiction writers when it was published in 1962

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The Year of the Flood

The Year of the Flood

Margaret Atwood

The waterless flood - a manmade plague - has ended the world, and destroyed everything. Two young women have survived: Ren, a young dancer trapped where she worked, in an upmarket sex club (the cleanest dirty girls in town); and Toby, who watches and waits from her rooftop garden. Is anyone else out there, and what will become of the human race? The Year of the Flood is the final book in Margaret Atwood's MaddAddam trilogy.

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Solar

Solar

Ian McEwan

This 2010 novel by Ian McEwan follows Micheal Beard — a Nobel-winning physicist whose dysfunctional personal life and cynical ambition see him pursuing a solar-energy based solution for climate change. Ranging from the Arctic Circle to the deserts of New Mexico, Solar is darkly satirical and highlights the impact of climate change.

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The Bone Clocks

The Bone Clocks

David Mitchell

David Mitchell's Booker-shortlisted sixth novel presents a post-climate change world which is both terrifying and believable. The Bone Clocks follows the life of Holly Sykes as the consequences of a decision she made as a teenager unfold and draw her into a world far beyond her imagining. As life in the near future turns perilous due to the effects of climate change, the pledge she made to a stranger years ago becomes the key to her and her family's survival.

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