Who was Mabel Lucie Attwell?

Find out more about the iconic British illustrator.

Mabel Lucie Attwell's iconic illustrated editions of J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan and Wendy and Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland return to print as beautiful new gift hardbacks. To celebrate, here we share a little more about this much-loved illustrator.

Who was Mabel Lucie Attwell?

A black and white photograph of Mabel Lucie Attwell.

Born on 4 June 1879 to a large family in the East End of London, Mabel Lucie Attwell had a strict Victorian upbringing. Her father, a butcher, progressive thinker and homeopath, was eccentric and stern. She loved her parents and respected the perfection her father strove for, but her childhood lacked warmth, and her early drawings reflected her yearning for comfort and affection. By the age of sixteen, Mabel Lucie had sold her first drawings and was able to fund her own further education. At Saint Martin’s School of Art, she fell in love with the carefree, warm and sociable artist Harold Cecil Earnshaw, who later became her beloved husband and father of her three children.

A huge commercial success in her lifetime, her characters were produced on everything from tableware to textiles, postcards and figurines. Royal patronage began in 1937 when Princess Margaret ordered a personalized Christmas card, and Mabel Lucie’s china was used in Royal nurseries after the Queen gifted a tea set to Prince Charles in 1949. 

A postcard designed by Mabel Lucie Attwell.

But Mabel Lucie’s really unique appeal was her ability to communicate honestly with adults. Her popular wartime postcards and advertising reflected the national spirit, giving comfort and hope when it was most needed. ‘I draw mainly for adults . . . the message is between adults – me and any other.’ Her cheerful, witty slogans that aimed to take ‘the steam out of the family battleground’ inspired people to ‘smile through the tears’ as they faced two World Wars.

Throughout her life, Mabel Lucie was extremely hard-working, producing a huge body of work. She had a strong personality, was a stylish London socialite and was fiercely independent. In 1922 she had her first trip abroad after being invited to visit the Queen of Romania in Bucharest. The two women had a remarkable affinity for one other, but Mabel Lucie’s heart was with her husband and her children, and she returned home.

In 1937 her adored husband Harold died from the effects of his war wounds, aged only fifty-one, and she coped with her grief by working even harder, her popularity never dwindling. Her only daughter, Peggy, also a talented artist, began helping her in the 1950s with postcard designs. Peggy’s grandson Webster Wickham is now the licensing agent for Mabel Lucie Attwell’s work.

Reflecting on her life in 1964, she said ‘My life has been good and sad. I have, according to many letters I have received, given a lot of happiness to a lot of people through two World Wars.’ Mabel Lucie Attwell died peacefully on 5 November of the same year in Fowey, Cornwall, where she had lived for the last twenty years of her life. Her illustrations are timeless and retain their familiarity and appeal today. In the face of adversity and for families around the world, her witty lines remain as poignant as ever.

Watch a wonderful 1921 film from the British Pathé archive, of Mable Lucie Attwell at work in her garden.

Mabel Lucie Attwell's Alice in Wonderland

Book cover for Mabel Lucie Attwell's Alice in Wonderland

Lewis Carroll’s Alice has been enchanting children for 150 years. Curious Alice, the bossy White Rabbit, the dozy Dormouse, the Mad Hatter and the formidable Queen of Hearts are among the best-loved, most iconic literary creations of all time.

Lewis Carroll was the pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. Born in 1832, Dodgson was a mathematics tutor at Christ Church College, Oxford, where he met Alice Liddell, daughter of the dean and inspiration for Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. The book was first published by Macmillan in 1865, and its sequel, Alice Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There, in 1871.

This edition, featuring Mabel Lucie Attwell’s beautiful illustrations, was first published in 1911.

Peter Pan and Wendy

Book cover for Peter Pan and Wendy

J. M. Barrie’s Peter Pan, about a boy who refuses to grow up, is the classic story of Wendy, John and Michael Darling, who befriend the magical Peter and are whisked away to Never-Land, where the villainous Captain Hook and the brave Lost Boys await. Peter first appeared in Barrie’s 1902 adult novel The Little White Bird, returning in 1904 in the popular stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up. Following the success of the play, Barrie adapted Peter’s story into a novel, published in 1911 as Peter and Wendy by Hodder and Stoughton.

Since Arthur Rackham first brought Peter Pan to life on the page, many illustrators have reimagined Barrie’s classic.

The Water-Babies

Book cover for The Water-Babies

When Tom, a young chimney sweep, falls into a river and drowns, he is transformed from a twelve-year-old boy who has known nothing but brutality and poverty into a 'water-baby'. In an underwater world surrounded by fairies, insects and water nymphs, he soon discovers a new life of adventure and excitement.

With a beautiful foiled cover and glorious inside illustrations by Mabel Lucie Attwell, this edition of Charles Kingsley's The Water-Babies, first published in 1863, is a truly special gift to treasure.