The Secret Life of 4, 5 and 6 year olds: references

References to some of the research that informed each chapter.

Making friends

Bauer, P. J. (2008). Toward a neuro-developmental account of the development of declarative memory. Developmental Psychobiology, 50(1), 19–31. doi:10.1002/dev.20265

Chen, P.-H. A., Whalen, P. J., Freeman, J. B., Taylor, J. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (2015). Brain reward activity to masked in-group smiling faces predicts friendship development. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8(4), 415–421. doi:10.1177/1948550614566093

Edgin, J. O., Spano, G., Kawa, K., & Nadel, L. (2014). Remembering Things Without Context: Development Matters. Child Development, 85(4), 1491–1502. doi:10.1111/cdev.12232

Gobbini, M. I., & Haxby, J. V. (2007). Neural systems for recognition of familiar faces. Neuropsychologia, 45(1), 32–41. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2006.04.015

Lieberwirth, C., & Wang, Z. X. (2014). Social bonding: regulation by neuropeptides. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 13. doi:10.3389/fnins.2014.00171

Myers, C. A., Wang, C., Black, J. M., Bugescu, N., & Hoeft, F. (2016). The matter of motivation: Striatal resting-state connectivity is dissociable between grit and growth mindset. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(10), 1521–1527. doi:10.1093/scan/nsw065

Radke, S., Seidel, E. M., Eickhoff, S. B., Gur, R. C., Schneider, F., Habel, U., & Derntl, B. (2016). When opportunity meets motivation: Neural engagement during social approach is linked to high approach motivation. Neuroimage, 127, 267–276. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.12.014

Righi, S., Gronchi, G., Marzi, T., Rebai, M., & Viggiano, M. P. (2015). You are that smiling guy I met at the party! Socially positive signals foster memory for identities and contexts. Acta Psychologica, 159, 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2015.05.001

Vrticka, P., Andersson, F., Sander, D., & Vuilleumier, P. (2009). Memory for friends or foes: The social context of past encounters with faces modulates their subsequent neural traces in the brain. Social Neuroscience, 4(5), 384–401. doi:10.1080/17470910902941793


Little grown-ups

Cannoni, E., & Bombi, A. S. (2016). Friendship and Romantic Relationships During Early and Middle Childhood. Sage Open, 6(3), 12. doi:10.1177/2158244016659904

Hatfield, E., Schmitz, E., Cornelius, J., & Rapson, R. L. (1988). Passionate Love. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 1(1), 35–51. doi:10.1300/J056v01n01_04


Language and the art of persuasion

Beaty, R. E., Benedek, M., Wilkins, R. W., Jauk, E., Fink, A., Silvia, P. J., . . . Neubauer, A. C. (2014). Creativity and the default network: A functional connectivity analysis of the creative brain at rest. Neuropsychologia, 64, 92–98. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.019

Eriksson, M., Marschik, P. B., Tulviste, T., Almgren, M., Pereira, M. P., Wehberg, S., . . . Gallego, C. (2012). Differences between girls and boys in emerging language skills: Evidence from 10 language communities. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 30(2), 326–343. doi:10.1111/j.2044–835X.2011.02042.x

Johnson, E. K. (2016). Constructing a Proto-Lexicon: An Integrative View of Infant Language Development. In M. Liberman & B. H. Partee (Eds.), Annual Review of Linguistics, Vol 2 (Vol. 2, pp. 391–412).

Kuhn, S., Ritter, S. M., Muller, B. C. N., van Baaren, R. B., Brass, M., & Dijksterhuis, A. (2014). The Importance of the Default Mode Network in Creativity-A Structural MRI Study. Journal of Creative Behavior, 48(2), 152–163. doi:10.1002/jocb.45

Lange, B. P., Euler, H. A., & Zaretsky, E. (2016). Sex differences in language competence of 3-to 6-year-old children. Applied Psycholinguistics, 37(6), 1417–1438. doi:10.1017/s0142716415000624

Molenberghs, P., Prochilo, G., Steffens, N. K., Zacher, H., & Haslam, S. A. (2017). The Neuroscience of Inspirational Leadership: The Importance of Collective-Oriented Language and Shared Group Membership. Journal of Management, 43(7), 2168–2194. doi:10.1177/0149206314565242

Mumford, M. D., Watts, L. L., & Partlow, P. J. (2015). Leader cognition: Approaches and findings. Leadership Quarterly, 26(3), 301–306. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2015.03.005

Niven, K., & Boorman, L. (2016). Assumptions beyond the science: encouraging cautious conclusions about functional magnetic resonance imaging research on organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 37(8), 1150–1177. doi:10.1002/job.2097

Zubrick, S. R., Taylor, C. L., Rice, M. L., & Slegers, D. W. (2007). Late language emergence at 24 months: An epidemiological study of prevalence, predictors, and covariates. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research, 50(6), 1562–1592. doi:10.1044/1092–4388(2007/106)


Feelings and what to do with them

Decety, J., Michalska, K. J., & Kinzler, K. D. (2012). The Contribution of Emotion and Cognition to Moral Sensitivity: A Neurodevelopmental Study. Cerebral Cortex, 22(1), 209–220. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr111

Herrero, N., Gadea, M., Rodriguez-Alarcon, G., Espert, R., & Salvador, A. (2010). What happens when we get angry? Hormonal, cardiovascular and asymmetrical brain responses. Hormones and Behavior, 57(3), 276–283. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2009.12.008

Martin, R. E., & Ochsner, K. N. (2016). The neuroscience of emotion regulation development: implications for education. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 10, 142–148. doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.06.006

Perlman, S. B., & Pelphrey, K. A. (2011). Developing connections for affective regulation: Age-related changes in emotional brain connectivity. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(3), 607–620. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.08.006

Pons, F., Lawson, J., Harris, P. L., & de Rosnay, M. (2003). Individual differences in children's emotion understanding: Effects of age and language. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 44(4), 347–353. doi:10.1111/1467–9450.00354

Rotem-Kohavi, N., Oberlander, T. F., & Virji-Babul, N. (2017). Infants and adults have similar regional functional brain organization for the perception of emotions. Neuroscience Letters, 650, 118–125. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2017.04.031


Girls and boys

De Lisi, R., & Wolford, J. L. (2002). Improving children's mental rotation accuracy with computer game playing. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 163(3), 272–282.

Fausto-Sterling, A., Coll, C. G., & Lamarre, M. (2012). Sexing the baby: Part 1-What do we really know about sex differentiation in the first three years of life? Social Science & Medicine, 74(11), 1684–1692. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.05.051

Heil, M., Jansen, P., Quaiser-Pohl, C., & Neuburger, S. (2012). Gender-specific effects of artificially induced gender beliefs in mental rotation. Learning and Individual Differences, 22(3), 350–353. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2012.01.004


Resisting temptation

Carpendale, J. I. M., & Hammond, S. I. (2016). The development of moral sense and moral thinking. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 28(6), 743–747. doi:10.1097/mop.0000000000000412

Cobb-Moore, C., Danby, S., & Farrell, A. (2009). Young children as rule makers. Journal of Pragmatics, 41(8), 1477–1492. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2007.04.013

Funk, C. M., & Gazzaniga, M. S. (2009). The functional brain architecture of human morality. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 19(6), 678–681. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2009.09.011

Prencipe, A., Kesek, A., Cohen, J., Lamm, C., Lewis, M. D., & Zelazo, P. D. (2011). Development of hot and cool executive function during the transition to adolescence. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 108(3), 621–637. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2010.09.008

Steinbeis, N., Haushofer, J., Fehr, E., & Singer, T. (2016). Development of Behavioral Control and Associated vmPFC-DLPFC Connectivity Explains Children's Increased Resistance to Temptation in Intertemporal Choice. Cerebral Cortex, 26(1), 32–42. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhu167

Yeshurun, Y., Lapid, H., Dudai, Y., & Sobel, N. (2009). The Privileged Brain Representation of First Olfactory Associations. Current Biology, 19(21), 1869–1874. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.09.066


Learning to lie, learning to love

Beckes, L., Coan, J. A., & Hasselmo, K. (2013). Familiarity promotes the blurring of self and other in the neural representation of threat. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(6), 670–677. doi:10.1093/scan/nss046

Denson, T. F., Wilkowski, B. M., DeWall, C. N., Friese, M., Hofmann, W., Ferguson, E. L., . . . Kasumovic, M. M. (2017). "Thou Shalt Kill": Practicing self-control supports adherence to personal values when asked to aggress. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 69, 71–78. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2016.09.001

Frith, C. D., & Frith, U. (2008). Implicit and Explicit Processes in Social Cognition. Neuron, 60(3), 503–510. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.10.032

Molenberghs, P., Johnson, H., Henry, J. D., & Mattingley, J. B. (2016). Understanding the minds of others: A neuroimaging meta-analysis. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 65, 276–291. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.03.020

Niedtfeld, I. (2017). Experimental investigation of cognitive and affective empathy in borderline personality disorder: Effects of ambiguity in multimodal social information processing. Psychiatry Research, 253, 58–63. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.03.037

Rueda, P., Fernandez-Berrocal, P., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2015). Dissociation between cognitive and affective empathy in youth with Asperger Syndrome. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 12(1), 85–98. doi:10.1080/17405629.2014.950221


How to win at winning and losing

Hamilton, L. D., Carré, J. M., Mehta, P. H., Olmstead, N., & Whitaker, J. D. (2015). Social Neuroendocrinology of Status: A Review and Future Directions. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 1(2), 202–230. doi:10.1007/s40750–015–0025–5

Verbeke, W., Belschak, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & De Rijke, Y. B. (2015). Postgame Testosterone Levels of Individuals in Team-Based Status Games Are Affected by Genetic Makeup, Gender, and Winning Versus Losing. Journal of Neuroscience Psychology and Economics, 8(3), 135–159. doi:10.1037/npe0000041


If at first you don’t succeed . . .

Chiu, M. M., & Chow, B. W. Y. (2010). Culture, motivation, and reading achievement: High school students in 41 countries. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(6), 579–592. doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2010.03.007

Datu, J. A. D. (2017). Sense of relatedness is linked to higher grit in a collectivist setting. Personality and Individual Differences, 105, 135–138. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.09.039