Disney’s adaptations of fairy tales and stories have been casting a little bit of magic over our childhoods since their original animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, in 1937. However, whether it’s Hans Christan Andersen’s original heartbreaking ending to The Little Mermaid or the brutal desperation of Cinderella’s stepsisters in the Brothers Grimm tale, the stories that inspired the films are often much darker than our favourite childhood films. Here, we take a look at the dark and disturbing stories and fairy tales that inspired Disney’s classics.
The Lion King
Don’t be fooled by cute lion cubs and warthog/meerkat comedy duos, the inspiration behind Disney’s beloved animation – and the new live-action film which is set to hit cinema screens on the 19th July – is much darker than you might expect. It’s said that the writers were inspired by Shakespeare’s Hamlet, in which the Prince Hamlet sets out to seek revenge on his Uncle Claudius, after Claudius murders his father in order to seize the throne – not unlike the plight of our favourite lion cub, Simba.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was Disney’s first animated feature film and has become an undisputed classic since its release in 1937. The film is a fairly faithful retelling of the fairy tale that appears in the Brothers Grimm collection, with one exception. While the film ends with the prince awakening Snow White with a kiss and taking her to his castle, the original story sees the evil queen attend the subsequent wedding where she is recognised by the prince and made to dance, quite literally until she drops, in a pair of red-hot iron slippers. Ouch.
Buy Grimm’s Fairy Tales
Disney’s animated classic is fun for all the family, complete with singing mice, a kindly fairy godmother and a showstopping dress. In the Brothers Grimm version, Cinderella still gets her happily ever after, but her evil stepsisters get a much gorier comeuppance. After one sister tries to trick the prince into believing she’s his true love by cutting off her toe to fit into Cinderella’s shoe, and the other tries the same trick by cutting off a part of her heel, Cinderella and the prince are reunited and happily wed, with Cinderella’s pigeon pals plucking out her stepsisters’ eyes as the post-wedding entertainment.
The tale of Aurora in Disney’s Sleeping Beauty closely follows the story included by the Brothers Grimm in their collection, a story that in turn was based on French author Charles Perrault’s version. However, the first version to be published, by Giambattista Basile, takes a much darker turn. A king is walking past the home of the sleeping beauty, here named Talia, when his falcon flies into the house. Entering the house to retrieve the bird he comes across the unconscious woman and ‘gathers the first fruits of love’, leaving her still unconscious and pregnant with twins . . .
In the Disney version of Hans Christian Andersen’s tale, Ariel eventually wins the heart of Prince Eric, gets her voice back and celebrates with a beautiful wedding on a boat, surrounded by her aquatic friends and family. In Hans Christian Andersen’s original story, things don’t end so rosily. In fact, the story is tragic throughout, with Ariel’s transformation to human causing her constant agonising pain, before her heart is broken when her prince marries someone else. The Sea Witch informs her that if she kills the prince she will turn back into a mermaid and live, but Ariel chooses to sacrifice herself, throwing herself into the sea and becoming sea foam.
Buy Best Fairy Tales by Hans Christian Andersen
Disney’s The Hunchback of Notre-Dame – certainly one of the darker animated films in their vast back catalogue – ends happily, with Quasimodo saving Esmeralda, accepting that she loves another and leaving the cathedral to be welcomed into society as a hero. In Victor Hugo’s novel, however, the story has a much sadder ending, with Quasimodo’s guardian Archdeacon Frollo betraying Esmeralda and sending her to her death. When he laughs as Esmeralda is hung, Quasimodo kills Frollo and visits the cemetery where he mourns Esmeralda, eventually dying of starvation on her grave.
Buy The Hunchback of Notre-Dame by Victor Hugo
Pinocchio was Disney’s second animated feature film, and features one of the best-loved Disney songs, ‘When You Wish Upon a Star’. Disney’s version is surreal enough, with blue fairies, boys transformed into donkeys and Gepetto living in the belly of a whale, but it’s got nothing on Carlo Collodi’s dark original. The story was originally published as a serial, with Pinocchio accidentally killing a talking cricket, falling asleep on a stove and burning his feet off and being hung by a rather evil talking cat and fox duo, while poor Gepetto lives on a ship inside The Terrible Dogfish for two whole years before being rescued by his wooden son.
Buy Pincocchio by Carlo Collodi
Rapunzel, in Disney’s Tangled, is a modern day heroine, breaking out of her tower to explore the outside world and getting into a lot of trouble along the way. In the original story she has an even tougher time of it, shorn of her hair and cast out into the wilderness when the witch holding her captive learns that a prince has been visiting her nightly. When the prince visits again, the witch tricks him into climbing the tower using Rapunzel’s cut off hair, only to push him from the tower. He is blinded in the fall, and wanders the wilderness until he is reunited with Rapunzel and the twins she has given birth to, guided back to her by her beautiful singing voice. The tears of happiness that Rapunzel cries restore the prince’s sight, and they all live happily ever after.