2017 marks the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, which transformed the country from an imperial monarchy into a Communist state.

In 1917 two revolutions swept through Russia. The first, known as the February Revolution, came about in March (Russia was still on the Julian calendar, only switching to the Gregorian calendar after the revolution) when civil unrest, coupled with food shortages, erupted into open revolt, forcing the abdication of Nicholas II, the last Russian Tzar.

Just months later, the newly installed provisional government was overthrown by the more radical Bolshevik Party, leftist revolutionaries led by Vladimir Lenin, in a second coup known as the Bolshevik Revolution, the October Revolution or ‘Red October’.

The Russian Revolution, which was one of the most radical turning points in Russia’s 1,300-year history and eventually led to the formation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922, is considered to be one of the most significant events of the twentieth century.

Here’s our pick of the very best books on Revolutionary Russia. 

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The Romanovs

Simon Sebag Montefiore’s enthralling account of the twenty tsars and tsarinas, who turned a war-ruined principality into the world's greatest empire, climaxes with the tragic story of Nicholas and Alexandra, the rise and murder of Rasputin, war and revolution - and the harrowing massacre of the entire family.

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Listen to an audio extract

Listen to an audio extract

Lenin on the Train

A gripping account of how, in the depths of the First World War, Russia's greatest revolutionary was taken in a 'sealed train' across Europe.
Merridale recreates Lenin's extraordinary journey from harmless exile in Zurich, across Europe, to his ecstatic reception by the revolutionary crowds in a country he had not seen for many years. Within months of his return to Russia Lenin would be leader of the world’s first Marxist state.

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Ten Days That Shook the World

An electrifying eyewitness account of the revolution, written by an American journalist in St Petersburg as the Bolsheviks seized power in 1917, is an unsurpassed record of history in the making.

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