Environmental issues are in the spotlight like never before, with the Bank of England warning of the threat of climate change to the global financial system and climate change activists continuing mass protests internationally. This summer's protests in London, organised by activist group Extinction Rebellion as part of a global “climate rebellion”, caused major disruption in the capital, closing bridges and delaying public transport. It's fair to say that in 2019, there is a new awareness of how urgently global warming needs to be addressed, with David Attenborough’s visually stunning new Netflix documentary Our Planet not only sharing incredible footage of the natural world but also taking a stark look at the damage that climate change is doing to the environment.
The IPCC Special Report on Global Warming explicitly explains the risks of reaching global warming levels of 1.5°C, and the irreversible impact that an increase of 2°C would have on our planet. Nathaniel Rich’s groundbreaking book Losing Earth investigates how even in 1979 this information was known, how close we came to taking action to halt climate change, and how we ultimately failed.
But there is still hope if action is taken now, with research finding that climate change could be halted at 1.5°C with the immediate phasing out of fossil fuel usage. As we continue to witness protests on a global scale with people are campaigning for change internationally, we look back at some of the most inspiring climate change protests around the world.
Extinction Rebellion Protests, April 2019
Starting on 15th April 2019, climate change protests, organised by Extinction Rebellion as part of an International Rebellion, have been staged in 27 countries around the world. The action has caused disruption across London and by day four of the protests more than 400 people had been arrested. From delaying public transport and closing Waterloo Bridge, to setting up a stage on a pink boat in the middle of Oxford Circus, the protests are certainly making an impact. In Canada, six activists chained themselves to the doors of Prime Minister François Legault's office, while in New York protesters shut down the Brooklyn Bridge.
Students Climate Strike, 15th March 2019
On 15th March 2019, students around the world skipped school to protest against inaction on climate change. The protests were inspired by the actions of Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg, who began protesting outside the Swedish parliament every Friday. News of her activism spread around the world, and she called for a global strike with the aim of ensuring that the voices of the world’s youth were heard. Greta will also feature in David Attenborough’s BBC One documentary Climate Change: The Facts which airs on 18th April 2019 and addresses the damaging effects of global warming.
In this video, Greta Thunberg makes an emotional speech on climate change to EU leaders:
Extinction Rebellion activists strip off in the House of Commons, 1st April 2019
As MPs debated Brexit in the House of Commons, Extinction Rebellion protesters were determined to draw attention to an issue which they believe dwarfs our concerns over relations with the rest of Europe. Eleven activists stripped off in the public gallery of the House of Commons, before glueing their hands to the glass to ensure they wouldn’t easily be moved on. Two of the protesters dressed in grey body paint and elephant masks, highlighting their believe that politicians lack of action on the climate crisis is the ‘elephant in the room’.
The first activists to receive prison sentences for environmental protest since 1932
In September 2018, three anti-fracking protesters were convicted of causing a public nuisance, with three men receiving prison sentences and one a suspended sentence. The men took part in a four-day anti-fracking protest which blocked lorries from delivering drilling equipment to the Preston New Road fracking site. They are believed to be the first environmental activists to receive jail sentences since the mass trespass on Kinder Scout in 1932, which was the beginning of the right-to-roam movement.
Vivianne Westwood protests climate change on the catwalk, 17th February, 2019
Vivianne Westwood used her London Fashion Week show to protest climate change, sending models down the catwalk covered in climate change and anti-capitalist slogans. Many models, including John Sauven, the executive director of Greenpeace, made speeches addressing consumerism and the threat of climate change. The climax of the show saw the models gathered on stage under banners reminiscent of protest placards.
Earth Day, annually on 22nd April
The first Earth Day took place on 22nd April 1970, with 20 million Americans getting involved, and has been credited with starting the modern environmental movement. Twenty years later in 1990, Earth Day became a global event, and more than one billion people participate in various activities each year, from protests to tree planting and environmental education programs. The theme of Earth Day 2019 is Protect our Species, aiming to draw attention to the accelerating rate of extinction and both achieve progress on policies and encourage individuals to take action to protect the world’s species.
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